Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Sow under glass
Plant outside
Showing schedule for Southern England in United Kingdom

Soil facts and preparation

Quick facts..

  • Soil Type Fertile and Well Drained
  • Ideal Ph range 6.0 to 7.5
  • Site Full Sun
Very fertile, well drained soil with plenty of organic matter is a must. Dig in fresh compost or plenty of well rotted manure. If growing outside choose a site in full sun all day.

Add a general purpose fertilizer before sowing or planting in the final position.

Sowing and planting

Quick facts..

  • Germination 10 to 21 days
  • Sow 10mm deep
  • Sow Spacing 50mm
  • Rows 500mm apart
Sow 2 seeds into pots or cells of warm compost indoors or in a green house with a view to removing the weaker seedling. Keep soil at constant temperature, seed will not germinate if soil temperatures are allowed to fall.

Harden off plants before planting outside by gradually reducing the temperature and watering. Note outside temperatures both day and night must be above 16C, a frost would almost certainly kill a plant.

Growing a bumper crop

If you have sown directly outside (only in warmest climates) thin plants to a final spacing of 50cm.

If growing in pots, use a final pot size of approximately 30cm in diameter.

Water regularly, keeping soil moist but not wet, feed with a potassium rich diluted feed. Avoid Nitrogen rich fertilizers as they encourage growth of foliage over fruits

Remove the growing tip of the plant when it reaches about 30cm in height. Plants will need help to support large fruits so stake and tie stems near fruits.

Pinch off flowers when temperatures begin to drop at the end of the season. This will focus the plants energy on ripening existing fruits.

Harvesting the fruits of your labour

Quick facts..

  • Yield 2000g per plant
Cut the fruit from the stem when they are big enough and the skins are shiny. Eat fresh or refrigerate for up to 2 weeks.

Your comments and photos

Aubergine varieties

Black beauty

The black beauty variety produces dark shiny pear shaped fruits in abundance. Fruits are approximately 15cm by 12cm. Introduced in 1910 and often considered an hierloom variety. Fruits held clear of the ground by sturdy plants. Open pollinated variety meaning polinated naturally by wind, insects and birds rather than self polinating.

Long purple

Very popular variety, long puple as the name suggests, produces long dark fruits with excellent flavour. Not a heavy cropper, a single plant should be limited to 4 or 5 fruits which will be of medium size. Hierloom or heritage variety introduced in 1905.


Very reliable variety that produces high yields of slender dark fruits. Plants are large and sturdy enabling them to hold up fruits well. Early maturing variety that is able to tolerate lower temperatures than other varieties. Limit to 8 fruits per plant for best results. Definately the variety of choice for first time aubergine/eggplant growers.